School bullying is a type of bullying that usually occurs in an educational environment and it can be at high school or university level and, for such an act to be considered to be bullying it must meet certain criteria. This will include hostile intent, distress, and imbalance of power or provocation and eventually this can have a wide spectrum of effects on any student including depression, anger, stress and suicide however, the bully can also develop social disorders or have a higher chance of being involved in criminal activities. If there is any suspicions of a student being bullied or is a bully, there are warning signs in how they behave. The underlying causes of school violence or bullying include social and gender norms and in most cases structural factors. Discriminatory gender norms that shows the dominance of men against women and the perpetuation of these norms through violence are found in mostly the different cultures we have. Gender equality and the violence against women in the society exaggerates the problem. More so, the social norms that gives teachers the authority to legitimise the use of violence in schools to maintain discipline and control also makes the issue of bullying to be exaggerated.
The pressures of agreeing to a dominant gender is a big thing in schools however, the students who choose to agree or disagree to these “norms” are often punished in the form of violence or being bullied. Another problem is that, schools can be blamed for the child’s behaviour because they use violence through their disciplinary methods. If not checked properly, these “norms”, power imbalance in schools can encourage attitudes that uphold unequal gender norms and violence.
Bullying in schools can threaten student’s emotional and physical safety therefore, this can negatively affect their learning ability and performance however, and the best way to address bullying is to stop it before it starts. There are also different ways to address bullying in schools once caught, this can be done by teachers or parents. The school can introduce a strategy that educates the students and the teachers on bullying, the parents can communicate with their children about bullying and peer pressure they face in school because, without communication parents might not know the child is experiencing bullying. Parents be sure to watch out for any warning signs such as, the child’s change in sleeping and eating behaviour skipping school, or feeling sick often. If these behaviours are noticed, be sure to communicate to the child and express your concerns and ask them if they’re being bullied or not.



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